AMISOM Troops welcoming the new Sector Commander in the port city of Kismayo, Somalia. Nov 2018.

My current research focuses on the micro-level mechanisms of how to win civilian support around three areas of inquiry related to conflict studies: (a) Insurgency and Counter-insurgency, (b) Peace-building and, (c) Justice institutions in conflict settings. In all my research I generate original data especially using survey experiments, lab in the field settings, randomized controlled trials alongside qualitative interviews backed by focus groups. Most of my research work is in partnership with the government, UN, or international organizations. My research work has been funded by J-PAL, IPA, FBA, the UN and the Danish Refugee Council. 


Gilligan, Michael J., Prabin Khadka, and Cyrus Samii. “Intrinsic Social Incentives in State and Non-State Armed Groups.  American Political Science Review (2022): 1-20.

Haas, Nicholas, and Prabin B. Khadka. If They Endorse It, I Can’t Trust It: How Out-Group Leader Endorsements Undercut Public Support for Civil War Peace Settlements.  American Journal of Political Science (2020). Monkey Cage, Data.

Caruso, Raul, Prabin Khadka, Ilaria Petrarca, and Roberto Ricciuti. “The economic impact of peacekeeping. Evidence from South Sudan.” Defence and peace economics 28, no. 2 (2017): 250-270.  Data.

Phayal, Anup, Prabin B. Khadka, and Clayton L. Thyne. “What makes an ex-combatant happy? A micro-analysis of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration in South Sudan.” International Studies Quarterly  59, no. 4 (2015): 654-668. Data.

Shiffman, Gary M., and Prabin B. Khadka. “The Onset Versus the Continuation of Insurgency in Nepal, a Single Country, District-Level Analysis.” In Ethnic Conflict, Civil War and Cost of Conflict, pp. 99-130. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2011.

Working Papers

“If I Can’t Patrol, You’are Not Safe: COVID-19, Peacekeeper Mobility, and Violence in Africa,” with Nicholas Haas (Aarhus University) Under review.

“Does Community-Driven Conflict Management Work? Evidence from a RCT in West Ivory Coast,” with Anup Phayal (UNCW) Under review.

“Mostly Deterred: An Episodic Analysis of the Israel-Gaza Conflict,” with Eli Berman (UCSD), Eesteban Klor (Hebrew University), Alexei Abrahams (University of Toronto) and Jonathan Powell (Kennedy School). 

“What Attributes Matter in the Reintegration of Islamic Militants- Experimental Evidence from Somalia,” with Linnea Gelot (Folke Bernadotte Academy).

“The Limits of Norm Change in Weak States: Experimental Evidence from Somalia,” with Nicholas Haas (Aarhus University). 

“Extremist Militant Groups and the Provision of Justice: Experimental Evidence from South Central Somalia,” with Nicholas Haas (Aarhus University). 

“Effectiveness in Peacekeeping: Violence, Protection of Civilians and Local Support- Evidence from a Survey Experiment in Ivory Coast.”

“Casualties of War and Radical Extremism: Experimental Evidence from Somalia.”

“Why Protectors become Predators: The Logic of Civilian Abuse by Peacekeepers -Evidence from African Union Peacekeepers in Somalia.”

“Effects of Land-Titling on Traditional and Modern Institutions: Evidence from Refugee Settlements in Uganda.”

“Do Most Maoists More or-Less Minmax?”  with Michael J. Gilligan (NYU) and Cyrus Samii (NYU).

                                                                                                                                  Field  Work  in Progress

“Can Democratic Agency Reduce the Appeal of Violent Extremism Among Youth? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kismayo, Somalia Madrassas,” with Michael Gilligan (NYU) and Peter Vining (NYU).